Effective Waterproofing for Durable Structures

There is no material which is durable and nondurable itself, the interaction between material and in-service environment determines the durability of material. In case of concrete, the durability is dependent on the concrete nature and also aggressiveness shown by in-service environment. There are three steps which are important to ensure the proper concrete durability in-service.

  1. During construction, the compliance with recent standards to do good practice.
  2. The usage of materials which are improved and new and innovative systems of construction which are designed for increasing durability at the cost of competition.
  3. Protection provision with existing structures which are not damaged against adverse conditions of environment.

Waterproofing Structures

Indeed, the structure of modern day are more complex than those present earlier, whose construction was about twenty to twenty-five years before. In those days, waterproofing treatment was given to bath, toilet, sinks, terrace, and old basements which needed the job of waterproofing. But today, structures are rise tonight level, there are large podium, basements, lots of car-parking, terrace garden, swimming pools and flower beds at different levels plumbing lines are made by narrow ducts and besides the problems of convention of terraces which are regular and large. Due to their large heights in structures, quality of plasters must be ensured on the outer surface also create a problem. It adds difficulties in waterproofing. It is important and interesting to notice that waterproofing. In all these cases, every case of waterproofing is a different case to study. It needs addressing separately. The proper solution is obtained only from absolute expertise and complete study. It is important and interesting to notice that waterproofing which is not effective not only involves in destroying structure but does not spare decorations having valuable interior. It is more important for public. So, a wise constructor implements the good measures of safety to waterproof at the right stage of concepts.

Proper Hydration of Cement

One of hydration products of cement is Tobermorite or cementgel. It is formed in ratio of 0.65/0.7 of water to cement. When water to cement ratio is lower, it would be formed more and vice-versa. The least permeability coefficient for this product of hydration is 7X10¯14 centimeters per second. It blocks the capillary and pores in concrete. It makes good concrete which is waterproof and is 10-10/12-12 centimeters per second. In actual practice on average work, we get permeability between 10-16/10-18 centimeters per second.

This occurs because of uncontrolled ratio of water to cement. It also takes place due to less curing and bad detailing.

The structure of water-proofing is recommended in different ways. Moreover, a judicious client or consultant require studying the parameters which occur possibly. These parameters may be positive or negative. Then reach to conclusion which is recommended. Concrete is not a material which is itself impermeable fully. It needs different compromises in construction which further decreases the permeability. These are the causes that begin leakages which are followed by steel corrosion. Finally, it results in damage of structure. Conventional waterproofing ways include brickbat coba which is followed to IPS. It is used mostly for providing the treatment of slope. The layer of IPS acts as a treatment which is impermeable by itself.

Availability of Options

The problems can be avoided by different combinations and permutations. You can consider the following as alternatives.

A permeable coating of water is given to the surface which is finished of IPS. This method is useful for basis in short-term. The coating which are based on polymer based on the pure-solvent do not work for longer duration because it requires complete dray and clean surface. These coating are expensive therefore, you con not apply thick coatings ultraviolet rays also affects these coating.

To overcome these shortcomings, polymeric coatings of cement are preferred. These systems adhere to surfaces in a better way. It has the ability to tolerate the surface deficiencies to some extent, such as micro dusting or slight wetness etc. The difference between thickness of coating of these layers and coatings of pure polymers is 8-10times, these layers are more thick.

Selecting Waterproofing Material

The non-conventional compounds or waterproofing include coating and admixtures. Now-a-days, there are a number of alternatives which serve the waterproofing end and is a good situation for you to have a large collection to choose. The good materials for water barriers are Epoxy, polyurethane and Isochloroprene, etc. these are the best coating of polymer. But a good workmanship is needed. The acrylic polymers are superior to SBR and any material other than this. These are found good for U.V resistance, waterproofing and abrasion. In addition to this, this is the two-pack system it results in cross-linked curing of chemicals. Shrinkages takes places that result in cracks which are not desired or film lifting. In general, these are costly. But for these last decades, the cementitious system which is co matrix and is polymer-modified is used in all parts of world. It has proved useful and convenient. Work speed, sand quality, inadequate concrete curing that is made up of cement of finer grade and for disintegration and cracks which allow consideration that brickbat coba does not waterproof. But it is absorbent that can accumulate water. Further water is transferred by the attempts of brickbat coba on its saturation. Penetrates generally in the slab. It can penetrate easily if it is same porous and is full with cracks. Concrete itself is not a material which is impermeable fully. Its permeability is further decreased by different compromises during construction.


It is advised to prevent any attack on water leakage, durability, and structural distress that eventually occurs because of corrosion other than its cure after than its manifestation. In these advancements in materials, it can be helped by science. The important aspect that assures durability is to protect the structures by their waterproofing. In this article, different methods are given which can give good results. In addition to this, a view point is given which is based on the trial of experiments and the results of sites for awareness.