Trends in Waterproofing

In the present time, the corrective expensive work in correcting the disappointments in the waterproofing systems which are down-graded, motivated the designers and the owners to search for good performance and solution for waterproofing for the prevention of ingress of water. Sometimes, the cost for remedial work increase many times than the original cost for installation of water proofing. The results of remedy are not successful by elimination of water leaks. The passive membrane of waterproofing for industry of construction utilizes passive SBS/APP for many years. The failures today led to hybrid membranes development which in most cases contribute in active fence of materials which enhances the liability and performance. Many problems that appear in waterproofing are because of these factors.

  1. Choice of improper membranes of waterproofing for the methods of wall casting.
  2. The practices of construction and traffic which cause damage to the materials of waterproofing after its installation.
  3. Materials and designs which are improper for the conditions of site.
  4. Incorrectly installed materials.
  5. The schedules of construction which don’t permit the proper inspection and sequence of work.
  6. Value of engineering which causes elimination of parts of system of waterproofing. The performance is proportional to the waterproofing cost. The system of waterproofing is famous for its high performance which are mostly pf the highest price in the industry of construction. The contractors and owners often pursue a reduced when they compare the materials of waterproofing. But it is not understood by them that different results are produced by the different membranes. It would not be suitable for the conditions of site. At this instant, the waterproofing membranes of sheet can be considerably of more cost than admixtures of waterproofing, but same results are claimed by the both systems, manufactures. This is the watertight structure. But the failed system is quite differently in their prepaid requirement and also their cost. The designers and the owners should examine the components of products and the techniques of installation for the waterproofing system in terms of their applicability and performance with the methods of construction. Their warranties are associated to get the informed decision.

Selection Factors of Waterproofing

There are a number of key factors on which the selection of this system of waterproofing depends. These include the foundation method of construction (i-e; backfilled walls of positive side or blind side), geotechnical factors like the potential for the hydrostatic pressure and the environmental conditions. The selection of membrane may be dependent upon the tolerance of owner for water intrusion risk versus the cost of installation.

Prior to a membrane selection, the owners should understand their water ingress tolerance and appearance of effects which are related to water, like biological growth and efflorescence, in the spaces which are below-ground space usage tells the level of water ingress acceptability, e.g. the water-tightness expectation is different for a garage of parking them for hospital.

Site Access: Blind Side vs. Positive Side

Two methods of general installation are there for below-grade membranes of water-proofing, which are called as blind-side and positive site. The positive-side application for waterproofing membranes of below-grade shows the applies of membranes to installer to a wall surface of concrete after the removal of forms on the excavation on over-excavated. The application of blind-side shows the membrane installation that takes place against the shoring retention excavated by wall system like pilings of auger cast, previous to pouring the walls of basement. Under the placement of slab membrane will be considered an application of blind-side because of sequencing of construction. The performance of waterproofing can dramatically change which depends on the method of application and material. Waterproofing of positive-side is an easy application because of access to the site where the inspection and repairing of membrane takes place before backfill. The performance of Blind-side waterproofing is more problematics due to the concrete placement on the membrane do not afford the ability of installer. For the correction of deficiencies. So, by the water-proofing of Blind-side, it is more decisive that the quality of assurance of a good field measures are undertaken before and during placement of concrete. It must be noted membranes are used typically for application because of the reverse sequencing of installation that need to be undertaken. e.g. a peel-end-stick membrane of self-adhering sheet is good for positive-side applications but is not good for blind-side applications.

Geotechnical Factors in Selection

The selection product of waterproofing depends upon the projected is extended many levels below-grade, the water table may be encountered by the project. The project placing ramification in the water table is twice: compensation will be needed by the structural engineer, for other forces and the system of waterproofing would subject to continuous hydrostatic pressure or to intermittently at its minimum. The membrane performance requirements increase when it is put in water table, the hydrostatic pressure aggravate, any defects in construction.

Hybrid Materials in Waterproofing

For avoiding water leaks and failure, new developments are made in the membranes of water proofing like the compensation ability is offered by the hybrid systems to the designers for the weakness of potential in the materials of waterproofing in regard to conditions. The spaces which are below-grade offer choice for repairing because of inaccessibility. The addition of new materials of water proofing are an addition of welcome to industry.

Water Stops

The use of water stops which are hydrophilic is another trend in the construction joints of concrete which work as waterproofing membrane backup which is installed on surface of exterior of the structure which is below-grade. Water shop is the material which embeds across the joints of concrete. It is used to obstruct the water passage through joint. An important part of overall design of waterproofing which is installed in the joints of concrete is a water stop. Water stop use with the help of waterproofing membrane serve as an, approach belt-end-suspenders, for providing a basement which is dry.


Careful site consideration and methods of construction make installation and selection successful. This is done for waterproofing of below-grade membranes to make the remedial work of future limited. Finally, a program of quality assurance must be planned for treatment of waterproofing as strategic material of building for the success of project for long time.